Case Law

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On which “objective grounds” should employers justify prima facie gender discriminations?

European Court of Justice, case C-427/11

Article Date: 28-02-2013
Categories: Employment Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
The case was referred to the Court of Justice by the High Court of Ireland. In the domestic proceedings, a group of women, which worked as civilians in clerical positions for the Irish Police (Garda an Siochana), filed an action against their employer (Commissioner of the Garda an Siochana), allegin... [Read All]

VAT identification number cannot be refused unless serious evidence of tax fraud danger

European Court of Justice, case C-527/11

Article Date: 13-03-2013
Categories: Business Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
The case was referred to the CJEU by a Latvian Court. In the domestic proceedings, the applicant had challenged a decision of the VID, the Latvian Tax Authority, which had rejected his application for a VAT number. This had been requested for a newly incorporated limited liability company, of which ... [Read All]

Cartels are illegal even when affected competitors unlawfully operate on the market

European Court of Justice, case C-68/12

Article Date: 07-02-2013
Categories: Business Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
The case was referred to the CJEU by the Slovak Supreme Court, and pertains to the scope of art. 101 of the TFEU, which prohibits the creation of cartels and other agreements between undertakings aimed at disrupting competition in the EU internal market. In the instant case, three Slovakian banks (... [Read All]

Passengers grounded following a volcanic eruption may recover expenses

European Court of Justice, case C-12/11

Article Date: 31-01-2013
Categories: Consumer Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
The case was referred by the metropolitan District Court of Dublin, Republic of Ireland, to the Court of Justice of the European Union, under the preliminary reference procedure. In the proceedings before the domestic court, the applicant, Ms McD., lamented that the defendant, the air carrier Ryanai... [Read All]

Environmental decisions: the right of the public to access documents prevails over confidentiality of industrial secrets

European Court of Justice, case C-416/10

Article Date: 15-01-2013
Categories: Business Law Consumer Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
The judgment was delivered by the CJEU’s Grand Chamber upon a preliminary reference question submitted by a Slovakian court. In the proceedings before the domestic court, the citizens of a Pezinok (Slovakia) had challenged the local authorities’ decision to open a landfill within their ... [Read All]

Regulation 1896/2006 lists the requirements to apply for European Orders for Payment

European Court of Justice, case C-215/11

Article Date: 13-12-2012
Categories: Business Law Consumer Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
The present case was submitted to the Court of Justice of the European Union by the Regional Court of Wroclaw, Poland, under the preliminary reference procedure, and addresses the formal requirements of applications for European Order for Payments (Regulation 1896/2006) as well as the possibility to... [Read All]

European Commission - Hungary

European Court of Justice, case C-286/12

Article Date: 06-11-2012
Categories: Employment Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
By adopting a national scheme requiring compulsory retirement of judges, prosecutors and notaries when they reach the age of 62 – which gives rise to a difference in treatment on grounds of age which is not proportionate as regards the objectives pursued – Hungary has failed to fulfil it... [Read All]

Purely Creative Ltd - Office of Fair Trading

European Court of Justice, case C-428/11

Article Date: 18-10-2012
Categories: Business Law Consumer Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
Paragraph 31, second indent, of Annex I to Directive 2005/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2005 concerning unfair business-to-consumer commercial practices in the internal market and amending Council Directive 84/450/EEC, Directives 97/7/EC, 98/27/EC and 2002/65/EC of th... [Read All]

Valenza and Others - Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato

European Court of Justice, case C-302/11

Article Date: 18-10-2012
Categories: Employment Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
Clause 4 of the framework agreement on fixed-term work concluded on 18 March 1999, which is annexed to Council Directive 1999/70/EC of 28 June 1999 concerning the framework agreement on fixed-term work concluded by ETUC, UNICE and CEEP, must be understood as precluding national legislation, such as ... [Read All]

Nelson and Others - Deutsche Lufthansa AG

European Court of Justice, Case C‑581/10

Article Date: 23-10-2012
Categories: Consumer Law Typology: Case Law
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From Altalex.EU Blog - Comments (0)
Articles 5 to 7 of Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 establishing common rules on compensation and assistance to passengers in the event of denied boarding and of cancellation or long delay of flights, and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 295/... [Read All]
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